The following brief description (and more) may be found on the "Narcolepsy Fact Sheet" published online by the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS):
"Narcoleptic sleep episodes can occur at any time, and thus frequently prove profoundly disabling. People may involuntarily fall asleep while at work or at school, when having a conversation, playing a game, eating a meal, or, most dangerously, when driving an automobile or operating other types of potentially hazardous machinery. In addition to daytime sleepiness, three other major symptoms frequently characterize narcolepsy: cataplexy, or the sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone; vivid hallucinations during sleep onset or upon awakening; and brief episodes of total paralysis at the beginning or end of sleep."
You may find some of the best descriptions of symptoms and information about narcolepsy and cataplexy at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/narcolepsy/detail_narcolepsy.htm#139493201
To summarize, the symptoms of narcolepsy include:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness (which you may find referred to as "EDS")
- Cataplexy -- An episodic paralysis of voluntary muscle movement. Matt experiences cataplexy multiple times a day (despite the fact that he takes the medication that is most effective in treating it). Unfortunately, he suffers from the most severe form of catplectic attacks. When experiencing an attack of cataplexy, Matt is unable to move, speak, or keep his eyes open. However, during this time he is fully conscious of what is going on around him. Although cataplexy can occur spontaneously, it is more often triggered by sudden, strong emotions such as fear, anger, stress, excitement, or humor.
- Sleep paralysis is similar to cataplexy in that it is experienced as a paralysis or inability to move. As the name implies, it occurs just prior to falling asleep or waking up.
A person with Narcolepsy may have some or all of these symptoms in varying degrees of severity. Matt has experienced all of them (although I confess that I thought that the hallucinations were a side effect of the medications he has to take). I do like to tease him that he gets the relatively "cool" symptoms when he describes his hallucinations, citing the amazingly bright colors and visual distortion that occur ;o)
There is no cure for Narcolepsy though there are treatments available that ameliorate EDS and cataplexy. Matt takes multiple medications daily to treat these symptoms. Fortunately the meds have enabled him to continue to work, but they don't prevent attacks completely. Like most narcoleptics, the events that trigger his most debilitating attacks of cataplexy are those that cause him to feel strong positive emotions. If you have read through my previous posts you will have a good idea of what these sort of triggers are. They include activities such as hugs or hand holding, celebrating (or simply reminiscing about) happy occasions, and socializing with family or friends.
Not surprisingly, this disease has had the effect of isolating Matt from continuing most relationships.
BTW -- we are not alone in this. Narcolepsy is much more common than most people would guess, directly affecting about 1/2000 Americans.
And so, I blog.
I share this experience with you, hoping as I do so that it will help you understand the disease, my husband, and our life together. Perhaps you will have wisdom or relationship experience to share that will help guide Matt and I as we work through difficult decisions: how much (if any) shared family time can Matt commit to, and how do we maintain our relationship when simply being together tends to make him sick?
I share this also with the hope that others who live with Narcolepsy will find some solace in knowing that they are not alone. I am stubbornly hanging on to the belief that it is possible to make this continue to work, that there is a compromise place where we can find an appropriate balance between relationship and isolation, love and avoidance of all things lovely.
Thank you for joining me.